cryptographically strong random number generator


cryptographically strong random number generator

English-Russian cryptological dictionary . 2014.

Смотреть что такое "cryptographically strong random number generator" в других словарях:

  • Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator — A cryptographically secure pseudo random number generator (CSPRNG) is a pseudo random number generator (PRNG) with properties that make it suitable for use in cryptography. Many aspects of cryptography require random numbers, for example: Key… …   Wikipedia

  • Random number generator attack — The security of cryptographic systems depends on some secret data that is known to authorized persons but unknown and unpredictable to others. To achieve this unpredictability, some randomization is typically employed. Modern cryptographic… …   Wikipedia

  • Hardware random number generator — This SSL Accelerator computer card uses a hardware random number generator to generate cryptographic keys to encrypt data sent over computer networks. In computing, a hardware random number generator is an apparatus that generates random numbers… …   Wikipedia

  • Random password generator — A random password generator is software program or hardware device that takes input from a random or pseudo random number generator and automatically generates a password. Random passwords can be generated manually, using simple sources of… …   Wikipedia

  • Pseudorandom number generator — A pseudorandom number generator (PRNG), also known as a deterministic random bit generator (DRBG),[1] is an algorithm for generating a sequence of numbers that approximates the properties of random numbers. The sequence is not truly random in… …   Wikipedia

  • Random self-reducibility — (RSR): A good algorithm for the average case implies a good algorithm for the worst case. RSR is the ability to solve all instances of a problem by solving a large fraction of the instances.DefinitionIf a function f evaluating any instance x can… …   Wikipedia

  • /dev/random — In Unix like operating systems, /dev/random is a special file that serves as a random number generator or as a pseudorandom number generator. It allows access to environmental noise collected from device drivers and other sources.[citation… …   Wikipedia

  • Pseudorandom generator theorem — In computational complexity a distribution is considered pseudorandom if no efficient computation can distinguish it from the true uniform distribution by a non negligible advantage. Formally, a family of distributions Dn is pseudorandom if for… …   Wikipedia

  • One-time pad — Excerpt from a one time pad In cryptography, the one time pad (OTP) is a type of encryption, which has been proven to be impossible to crack if used correctly. Each bit or character from the plaintext is encrypted by a modular addition with a bit …   Wikipedia

  • Cryptographic hash function — A cryptographic hash function (specifically, SHA 1) at work. Note that even small changes in the source input (here in the word over ) drastically change the resulting output, by the so called avalanche effect. A cryptographic hash function is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Commitment scheme — In cryptography, a commitment scheme allows one to commit to a value while keeping it hidden, with the ability to reveal the committed value later. Commitments are used to bind a party to a value so that they cannot adapt to other messages in… …   Wikipedia


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